God Of Sabbath is it Jesus or Jehovah

While I was reading a book of one of the Arab orthodox priests , I found him propagating that Jesus PBUH said he is a God , so first I was surprised , really , because I read the bible several times and I know it’s a fact that Jesus PBUH didn’t claim it in the gospels even for one time , anyway the man was a smart one really , and he deserves respect because he made efforts searching and reading to give us that point in his book , I do really respect everyone and their efforts , but I need to search it by myself , sorry I deal in my life with a quote I was taught by my father saying “don’t let anyone fool you” , I’m not attacking this priest, he did a good job , but full of errors , so I just don’t accept anything as a clear fact till I test it , and put it on  trial , anyway , let’s start searching, revealing and exposing everything,

The man based his idea on the word of “lord” in the new testament and in the old testament , it’s a good idea searching for a shared point between Jesus and the God to prove Jesus was the God , but let’s see what i found when I searched it using the references

Let’s zoom in, the point is God means “Jehovah” in the old testament says “I’m the lord of the Sabbath day”, and Jesus says in the new testament also the son of man is the lord of Sabbath day referring to himself, so it’s obvious Jesus says I’m an equal to Jehovah or I refer to myself as Jehovah himself, in that point showing you I’m the lord.

But when I searched it, I didn’t find that, and that surprise was in the beginning but disappeared slowly, let’s now first deliver everyone his point by verses,

The man said in Torah God revealed his truth to Moses as the lord of Sabbath

And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you.

(Exodus 31:12-13 KJV)

And Jesus in the new testament says

For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.

(Matthew 12:8 KJV)

So now , Jesus and the God testifying themselves as the lord of Sabbath , so here Jesus clearly says he is the God

In the first view it appears right, but when you search it as I did you will find it different than that.

Now let’s get started

But let’s search the two verses again

When I did that I found an amazing thing , in the first verse in “Exodus 31:12-13” Jehovah was translated in “King James Version” and in many other translations as “Lord”  , that’s good not bad and not wrong but the fact is,  it’s not accurate , because the most accurate translation for “Jehovah” is to be written as it’s or be translated as God  , and that’s was in many other translations just like “Restored names King James Version

And YHVH spake unto Moses, saying, Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am YHVH that doth sanctify you.

(Exodus 31:12-13 RNKJV)

And also in “Modern King James Version

And Jehovah spoke to Moses saying, Speak also to the sons of Israel, saying, Truly you shall keep My sabbaths. For it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, to know that I am Jehovah who sanctifies you.

(Exodus 31:12-13 MKJV)

And also in “Young’s Literal Translation of the Holy Bible

And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying, `And thou, speak unto the sons of Israel, saying, Only, My sabbaths ye do keep, for it is a sign between Me and you, to your generations, to know that I, Jehovah, am sanctifying you;

(Exodus 31:12-13 YLT)

Let’s see it in Hebrew,

(Exodus 31:12-13 Translit)  (12)  vayo`mer    y’hvah    `el ´    mo$eh    la`mor  (13)  v’`aTah    Dabar    `el ´    b’nay    yiS’ra`al    la`mor    `aC’    `eT ´    $ab’ToTay    Ti$’moru    ciy    `OT    hiv`    bayniy    uVaynaykeM    l’doroTaykeM    lada,aT    ciy    `aniy    y’hvah    m’kaDi$’keM


(Exodus 31:12-13 HOT) ויאמר יהוה אל־משׁה לאמר׃  (13ואתה דבר אל־בני ישׂראל לאמר אך את־שׁבתתי תשׁמרו כי אות הוא ביני וביניכם לדרתיכם לדעת כי אני יהוה מקדשׁכם׃

So now, as you can see the accurate translation is leaving it as “Jehovah” , and to know why just let’s see the references , you can use those bible study websites to see what I mean





Strongs Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries





From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God: – Jehovah, the Lord. Compare H3050, H3069.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Definitions




BDB Definition:

Jehovah = “the existing One

1) the proper name of the one true God

1a) unpronounced except with the vowel pointings of H136

Part of Speech: noun proper deity

A Related Word by BDB/Strongs Number: from H1961

Same Word by TWOT Number: 484a

As you can see “YHVH” or “Jehovah” has only one meaning “the existing One Jewish national name of God

Now let’s see the word used in that verse in the New Testament

King James Version of the Holy Bible

For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.

(Matthew 12:8 KJV)

As you can see it’s translated here as Lord as most of the translations and I’m not against that , it’s a good translation but the point it don’t refer to God but to a human as master or someone has authority as human , as it’s translated in those translations

Restored names King James Version

For the Son of man is master even of the Sabbath day.

(Matthew 12:8 RNKJV)

Alexander Campbell’s Living Oracles,

for the Son of Man is master of the Sabbath.

(Matthew 12:8 LONT)

New Living Translation (NLT)

For I, the Son of Man, am master even of the Sabbath.”

(Matthew 12:8 NLT-r)


Daniel Mace New Testament (1729)

for the sabbath is subservient to men.

(Matthew 12:8 Mace)


“The Son of Man has authority over the day of worship.”

(Matthew 12:8 GW)

Let’s see it in Greek now

(Matthew 12:8 Translit)  kurios  gar  estin  tos  sabbatou  ho  uios  tos  anthropou.

(Matthew 12:8 GNTκύριος γάρ ἐστιν ὁ Υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου καὶ τοῦ σαββάτου.

As you can see the word used here is  (kurios  or κύριος) which has the reference code (G2962)

Let’s see it in the reference , you can see that in one of those web links Below there




Strongs Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries





From κῦρος kuros (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title): – God, Lord, master, Sir.


Thayers Greek Definitions




Thayer Definition:

1) he to whom a person or thing belongs, about which he has power of deciding; master, lord

1a) the possessor and disposer of a thing

1a1) the owner; one who has control of the person, the master

1a2) in the state: the sovereign, prince, chief, the Roman emperor

1b) is a title of honour expressive of respect and reverence, with which servants greet their master

1c) this title is given to: God, the Messiah

Part of Speech: noun masculine

A Related Word by Thayers/Strongs Number: from kuros (supremacy)

Citing in TDNT: 3:1039, 486

As you can see the word can be used for God and for a man also , and what will show us the difference between the word Jehovah in Hebrew which always means God not Human  and Kurios in Greek which can refer to God or Humans is finding the right word in Greek refers to God .

And the most right word is  (theos) , it’s the most near word in meaning in Greek to Jehovah in Hebrew , and also Kurios in Greek is similar to Adonay in Hebrew , and we can see that in that verse , it has Kurios which is Adonay in Hebrew means master or lord , and theos which refers to Jehovah means God.

But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.

(1 Corinthians 8:6 KJV)

yet to us is one God, the Father, of whom are the all things, and we to Him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are the all things, and we through Him;

(1 Corinthians 8:6 YLT)

(1 Corinthians 8:6 Translit)  all’  emin  eis  theos  ho  pater,  ex  ou  ta  panta  kai  emeis  eis  auton,  kai  eis  kurios  iesoss  xristos,  di’  ou  ta  panta  kai  emeis  di’  autos.

(1 Corinthians 8:6 GNT)  ἀλλ᾿ ἡμῖν ες Θεὸς ὁ πατήρ, ἐξ ο τὰ πάντα καὶ ἡμεῖς εἰς αὐτόν, καὶ ες Κύριος ᾿Ιησοῦς Χριστός, δι᾿ ο τὰ πάντα καὶ ἡμεῖς δι᾿ αὐτοῦ.

Strongs Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries





Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very: – X exceeding, God, god [-ly, -ward].

Thayers Greek Definitions




Thayer Definition:

1) a god or goddess, a general name of deities or divinities

2) the Godhead, trinity

2a) God the Father, the first person in the trinity

2b) Christ, the second person of the trinity

2c) Holy Spirit, the third person in the trinity

3) spoken of the only and true God

3a) refers to the things of God

3b) his counsels, interests, things due to him

4) whatever can in any respect be likened unto God, or resemble him in any way

4a) God’s representative or viceregent

4a1) of magistrates and judges

Part of Speech: noun masculine

A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity

Citing in TDNT: 3:65, 322

Also you can see that in one of those links for the bible studies web sites





and notice that here if St Paul meant by calling Jesus lord as God he would say

But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him;(and the same God or that God represented in our Lord Jesus  instead of one Lord) Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.

As you can see we have a God and a lord in the same verse means Jesus as Kurios is not that Jehovah the One God as theos

Also the word Kurios used for many except Jesus , like Pilate

 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again.

(Matthew 27:62-63 KJV)

And on the morrow that is after the preparation, were gathered together the chief priests, and the Pharisees, unto Pilate, saying, `Sir, we have remembered that that deceiver said while yet living, After three days I do rise;

(Matthew 27:62-63 YLT)

(Matthew 27:62-63 Translit)  (62)  To  De  Epaurion,  Etis  Estin  Meta  Ton  Paraskeuen,  Sunexthesan  Oi  Arxiereis  Kai  Oi  Farisaioi  Pros  Pilaton  (63)  Legontes,  Kurie,  Emnesthemen  Oti  Ekeinos  Ho  Planos  Eipen  Eti  Zon,  Meta  Treis  Emeras  Egeiromai.

(Matthew 27:62-63 GNT)  Τῇ δὲ ἐπαύριον, τις ἐστὶ μετὰ τὴν παρασκευήν, συνήχθησαν οἱ ἀρχιερεῖς καὶ οἱ Φαρισαῖοι πρὸς Πιλᾶτον  (63)  λέγοντες· κύριε, ἐμνήσθημεν τι ἐκεῖνος ὁ πλάνος επεν τι ζῶν, μετὰ τρεῖς ἡμέρας ἐγείρομαι.

And not just Pilate , it was a respectful method used with anyone , we can find that here also

(Matthew 24:50-51 KJV)  The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of,  (51)  And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

(Matthew 24:50-51 YLT)  the lord of that servant will arrive in a day when he doth not expect, and in an hour of which he doth not know,  (51)  and will cut him off, and his portion with the hypocrites will appoint; there shall be the weeping and the gnashing of the teeth.

 (Matthew 24:50-51 Translit)  (50)  Exei  Ho  Kurios  Tos  Doulou  Ekeinou  En  Emera  E  Ou  Prosdoka  Kai  En  Ora  E  Ou  Ginoskei,  (51)  Kai  Dixotomesei  Auton  Kai  To  Meros  Autos  Meta  Ton  Upokriton  Thesei:  Ekei  Estai  Ho  Klauthmos  Kai  Ho  Brugmos  Ton  Odonton.

(Matthew 24:50-51 GNTξει ὁ κύριος τοῦ δούλου ἐκείνου ἐν ἡμέρᾳ οὐ προσδοκᾷ καὶ ἐν ρᾳ οὐ γιγνώσκει,  (51)  καὶ διχοτομήσει αὐτὸν, καὶ τὸ μέρος αὐτοῦ μετὰ τῶν ὑποκριτῶν θήσει· ἐκεῖ σται ὁ κλαυθμὸς καὶ ὁ βρυγμὸς τῶν ὀδόντων.

 Another example

(Luke 14:21 KJV)  So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.

(Luke 14:21 Translit)  Kai  Paragenomenos  Ho  Doslos  Apeggeilen  To  Kurio  Autos  Tasta.  Tote  Orgistheis  Ho  Oikodespotes  Eipen  To  Doulo  Autos,  Exelthe  Taxeos  Eis  Tas  Plateias  Kai  Rumas  Tos  Poleos,  Kai  Tous  Ptoxous  Kai  Anapeirous  Kai  Tuflous  Kai  Xolous  Eisagage  Ode.

(Luke 14:21 GNT)  καὶ παραγενόμενος ὁ δοῦλος ἐκεῖνος ἀπήγγειλε τῷ κυρίῳ αὐτοῦ ταῦτα. τότε ὀργισθεὶς ὁ οἰκοδεσπότης επε τῷ δούλῳ αὐτοῦ· ξελθε ταχέως εἰς τὰς πλατείας καὶ ῥύμας τῆς πόλεως, καὶ τοὺς πτωχοὺς καὶ ἀναπήρους καὶ χωλοὺς καὶ τυφλοὺς εἰσάγαγε δε.

The point of that , was simply proving that Jesus PBUH didn’t mean he is the God of Sabbath “who created the Sabbath” but the lord of Sabbath means a master of it , just like me and you , I’m the master and the lord of my day also you do , you are the master and the lord of your day , you have the freedom to do whatever you like .

After all that what do you think about all that topic , please inform me about your opinion .

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